Mistakes You Should Avoid When Doing Underwater Photography

If you’re starting with underwater photography, there are some mistakes that they should avoid as much as possible. However, even experienced underwater photographers make some mistakes, which are often repeated.

Here are common mistakes that photographers make that you should avoid:

1. Not Doing Your Research

The biggest mistake beginners usually make when doing underwater photography is not learning and understanding the type of fish you’re taking a picture of.

Different kinds of fish have other characteristics, and you should find out what kind they are before you take a picture of them. Some fish may like the deep, dark places that you cannot see or murky places to hide from predators. Thus, you might accidentally follow them only to be lost in dark places.

Also, some fish are known for being toxic to humans underwater. These are sharks and rays. You need to be aware of these creatures and try to avoid them to save yourself from being poisoned or endangered.

When you don’t do your research before going underwater, you’re not only endangering yourself, but you might not take photos of fish you want.

2. Over-exposing Your Photos

One thing that you should avoid when doing underwater photography is to over-expose your fish photos. Too much exposure causes the image to appear blurry and washed out. As much as possible, keep your exposure under two or three stops, suitable for good quality pictures.

3. Not Bringing the Right Equipment

With underwater photography, you need to use the right equipment to take great photos. One of them is camera lenses because they’re different from regular lenses since they usually can’t see the depth below them. So if you bring the wrong lenses, you have to focus much closer to the subject or use a wide-angle lens to get an accurate shot. As mentioned, some sea creatures may pose a danger, so it’s best to take your photo at a distance.

You can use several kinds of scopes for underwater photography. But not just any scopes are going to do the trick. You’re going to need to use a high quality one, like a scope with a built-in macro feature. Having a macro feature will allow you to put your camera at a distance to use a long lens to get a good depth of field.


If you avoid these mistakes when doing underwater photography, you’ll be able to capture some great images that’ll impress your friends and family. One of the achievements you can get when you don’t make the common mistakes above are preserving the memories and sights underwater by capturing them on your camera.

When you’re selling your photos, you need good quality pictures that should look like professional photographs, so make sure to avoid these mistakes.

Overall, underwater photography is fun and rewarding, especially if you’re doing it right. Learn more about your subject before you go diving and bring with you the right equipment. Lastly, when you’ve gotten your shots, don’t over-expose the photos to preserve their images.